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*Suffix & part of speech

Word Endings That Indicate Parts of Speech


Sometimes a word can be identified as a noun, adjective, adverb, or verb by its suffix (word ending).   Below is a list of common suffixes that help to indicate the part of speech.


Nouns

Person, Place, or Thing


Suffix

Example

-ion, -sion, - tion

caption, erosion, population,

-acy

accuracy

-age

image

-ance, -ence

penance, permanence,

-hood

childhood

-ar, -or

scholar, doctor

-ism

patriotism

-ist

artist

-ment

government

-ness

happiness

-y

beauty

-ity

reality

  

Adjectives

Modifies/describes a noun



Suffix

Example

-al

natural

-ful

beautiful

-ly

friendly

-ic

chronic

-ish

childish

-like

childlike

-ous

numerous

-y

happy

-ate

accurate

-able, -ible

capable, terrible



Verbs

Expresses an action or state of being



Suffix

Example

-ify

beautify

-ate

populate

-ize

realize

-en

widen



Adverb

Modify verbs and adjectives


Suffix

Example

-ly

-happily


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